Vuk Vrhovac University Clinic, Zagreb, Croatia
The overall importance of arterial hypertension relies on two facts. It is a very common condition in clinical practice and one of the most important risk factors in the development of cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the modern world. Hypertension frequently remains undiagnosed until relatively late in its course, leading to a variety of other life-threatening conditions, like kidney damage and heart failure.
The association of increased blood pressure and metabolic abnormalities with poor cerebrovascular outcome had been recognized long before the concept of the metabolic syndrome became popular.
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