Advancing excellence in laboratory medicine for better healthcare worldwide

Artificial Intelligence and Genomic Diagnostics (WG-AIGD)

 

Membership

NamePositionCountryTermTime in Office
LJ KrickaChairUS1st2021 01 - 2023 12
LM BaudhuinMemberUS
A ErtelMemberUS
P FortinaMemberUS
T HopeMemberUS
C McCuddenMemberCA
JY ParkMemberUS
S PolevikovMemberUS
D SatchkovMemberUS


The IFCC Emerging Technology Division (ETD) is dedicated to providing current awareness for emerging technologies likely to have important clinical diagnostic applications in the near future. Artificial intelligence (AI) is an important emerging technology, and in the future, it is likely that this technology will become embedded in many aspects of medicine.  In particular, it is expected to play a key role in laboratory medicine.  Accordingly, a familiarity with this technology and its scope, applications, accessibility, and limitations will become important in the practice of laboratory medicine in the future.  The focus of this WG is the area defined by the intersection of artificial intelligence, genomics, and clinical diagnostics.

 

Terms of Reference

  1. To evaluate and monitor emerging trends and directions of research and development in the field defined by the intersection of artificial intelligence, genomics, and clinical diagnostics.
  2. To develop an in-depth assessment of the application of AI (deep learning, machine learning) in genomic (molecular) diagnosis.
  3. To develop periodic updates of the applications of AI in clinical genomic testing.
  4. To assess the accessibility and the barriers to routine implementation of AI in clinical genomic testing.
  5. To develop a resource that will inform the IFCC community on developments and trends in the applications of artificial intelligence in clinical genomic.

 

Current projects

  1. NEW! Survey of the clinical diagnostic applications of AI in genomics, including recent literature, companies, clinical diagnostic products, and clinical trials. An important clinical diagnostic application of AI is in analysis and interpretation of clinical sequencing data.  This is one of the most active commercial areas at the intersection of AI, genomics and clinical diagnostics.  We have surveyed commercial AI-driven software platforms for genomic analysis and interpretation of clinical sequencing data and the survey can be found HERE
  2. Solicit industry and academia input into the AI in clinical genomics survey.
  3. Assess the role of AI in genomic tests for detecting COVID-19. In view of the continuing importance of the COVID-19 pandemic, this WG has examined the role of AI in genomic tests for diagnosis of COVID-19 (literature surveyed 2019 – March 2021) to provide a readily accessible summary of the status and progress in this area. The survey can be found here. 
  4. Explore the utility of AI-based search engines in searching the AI and genomics literature for emerging diagnostic applications
  5. Formulate consensus definitions of AI and other terms relevant to the application of AI in clinical laboratories - some examples of AI glossaries can be found at:
  6. Develop recommendations/best practices for clinical laboratories validating and/or evaluating AI-based diagnostic or prognostic methods (e.g., minimum elements of a method that need to be shared to evaluate and/or validate a method).

NEW! Recommendations for data, source code, AI methods, and experiments in AI publications (adapted from Gundersen et al 2018) can be found HERE

NEW! Several recent reports and publications addressing the convergence of digital health, artificial intelligence with Universal Health Coverage (The Lancet and Financial Times Commission), ethics and governance of artificial intelligence (WHO), good machine learning practice (FDA), and the reproducibility and clinical translation of machine learning applications can be found BELOW:

  • Kickbusch I, Piselli D, Agrawal A, et al. The Lancet and Financial Times Commission on governing health futures 2030: growing up in a digital world.  Lancet 2021;398: 1727-76. https://www.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS0140-6736(21)01824-9.pdf
  • WHO. Ethics and governance of artificial intelligence for health: WHO guidance. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2021. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO) https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789240029200
  • FDA. Good machine learning practice for medical device development: Guiding principles  October 2021. https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/software-medical-device-samd/good-machine-learning-practice-medical-device-development-guiding-principles
  • Haymond S, Master SR. How Can We Ensure Reproducibility and Clinical Translation of Machine Learning Applications in Laboratory Medicine?  Clinical Chemistry 2022;68:3 1–4 2, https://doi.org/10.1093/clinchem/hvab272



Current awareness

NEW!  2022 AI Index Report (now in its Fifth Edition) (Daniel Zhang, Nestor Maslej, Erik Brynjolfsson, John Etchemendy, Terah Lyons, James Manyika, Helen Ngo, Juan Carlos Niebles, Michael Sellitto, Ellie Sakhaee, Yoav Shoham, Jack Clark, and Raymond Perrault, “The AI Index 2022 Annual Report,” AI Index Steering Committee, Stanford Institute for Human-Centered AI, Stanford University, March 2022. https://hai.stanford.edu/research/ai-index-2022).

This annual report “tracks, collates, distills, and visualizes data relating to artificial intelligence, enabling decision-makers to take meaningful action to advance AI responsibly and ethically with humans in mind.” The report is divided into five chapters covering: Research and Development, Technical Performance, Technical AI Ethics, The Economy and Education, AI Policy and Governance.

Useful commentaries on the report can be found in a series of articles on: a. the state of AI in 9 charts (Lynch S. Stanford University HAI. Mar 16, 2022. https://hai.stanford.edu/news/state-ai-9-charts); b. the mounting ethical concerns (Zhang D, Clark J, Perrault R. The 2022 AI Index: Industrialization of AI and Mounting Ethical Concerns. Stanford University HAI. Mar 16, 2022. https://hai.stanford.edu/news/2022-ai-index-industrialization-ai-and-mounting-ethical-concerns); and c. AIs ethical growing pains (Miller K. The 2022 AI Index: AI’s Ethical Growing Pains. Stanford University HAI. Mar 16, 2022. https://hai.stanford.edu/news/2022-ai-index-ais-ethical-growing-pains).



Working Group Chair's contact

Prof Larry KRICKA
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
University of Pennsylvania Medical Center
3400 Spruce Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104 - USA
Email: kricka@pennmedicine.upenn.edu

 
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